These are a collection of fabulous late 19th century French natural history educational Deyrolle Posters.
I love the old school educational charts that used to hang on the walls in the classrooms. I’ve already shared the stunning educational geography posters of Yaggy. Here, I’ve curated some of the amazing natural history poster boards of Emile Deyrolle.
I will hop on a train to Paris when many of the current quarantine restrictions have been lifted. My first visit will be to the Maison Deyrolle.
Maison Deyrolle is a specialized taxidermy shop and natural history museum founded in 1831 by Jean-Baptiste Deyrolle. The shop is at 46, Rue du Bacand, Paris.
The shop specializes in natural history publications and specimens. Including, taxidermy, minerals, rocks, fossils, botanical specimens, and many other natural history specimens.
The main aim of the Maison has been to educate French schoolchildren in Natural history, but it has also been a place of interest for many artists.
Artistic visitors have included the surrealists André Breton and Salvador Dalí, the painters Jean Dubuffet and Mathieu. Recent collaborations have included Damien Hirst.
The Classroom Prints
Emile Deyrolle, Jean-Baptiste’s grandson designed the Deyrolle posters. Emile took over the family business and expanded it from a taxidermy shop to include educational equipment and charts.
One of his most successful additions was a publication of wall charts “Deyrolle School Museum” intend to educate French school children of all ages on natural history.
The French State became Maison’s main client. Deyrolle was the leading supplier of public educational information and teaching classroom boards. Many were translated and used in schools in other countries such as Spain and Portugal
Emile Deyrolle said: ” Education through the eyes is the one which tires the intelligence the least, but this education can only have good results if the ideas which are engraved in the mind of the child are rigorous. accuracy. “
The Free Deyrolle Posters
This is quite an eclectic collection of educational natural history posters, from birds to the human anatomy, skeletons and botany diagrams. I’ve divided the posters into two groupings, zoological and biological.
These images were from scanned original classroom posters. That is why the quality of the prints varies, on some, creases tears, and stains are visible. Personally, for me, these just add to the character of the posters and reflect their age.
All of these Deyrolle prints are in the Public Domain so you are free to download and use them.
Just click on the title above the poster you would like. A higher resolution image will open as a new tab in your browser. This image can then be printed or saved to your hard drive by clicking the right button on your mouse.
ZOOLOGICAL DEYROLLE POSTERS
This educational Deyrolle Poster is of birds. More specifically, examples of waders, palmipeds, and poultry. It includes detailed close-up illustrations of their different feet.
Just in case you didn’t know (I didn’t), palmiped means webbed foot!
You can find many more natural history bird illustrations here on Pictureboxblue.
A second poster grouping of birds, this includes sparrows (passereaux) and finches. Also, Tenuirostres which are mostly passerine birds (as hummingbirds, sunbirds, honeyeaters, nuthatches) having slender bills.
Syndactyles refers to birds with a specific type of feet, where certain toes are fused and includes Kingfishers.
This poster contains nine primates. Primates are mammals that typically have large highly developed brains, forward-facing color vision, flexible hands and feet with opposable thumbs, and fingernails.
As well as humans, this group of mammals includes monkeys, apes, lemurs, bushbabies and lorises.
In biology, the nervous system is a highly complex part of an animal that coordinates its actions and sensory information by transmitting signals to and from different parts of its body.
The nervous system detects environmental changes that impact the body, then works in tandem with the endocrine system to respond to such events.
This Deyrolle poster illustrates the human digestive system from the mouth and teeth, esophagus, stomach, intestines, right through to the rectum.
This educational poster illustrates 3 different types of mammalian skulls, those of carnivores, rodents and herbivores.
Don’t forget to check out the vintage human skull drawings.
This poster is of a skeleton of a palaeotherium minus, an extinct horse like European herbivore.
There are more vintage bat illustrations on Pictureboxblue.
Radiated animals are also called zoophytes. A zoophyte is an animal that visually resembles a plant. An example is a sea anemone. The term is no longer used in zoology.
For more wonderful illustrations of radiated animals, you should check out the nature artform posters of Ernst Haeckel.
An educational poster illustrating the rough anatomy of the bee.
You will find more insect illustrations with the Adolphe Millot natural history collection of posters.
For more zoological posters check out the animal posters of Larousse dictionaries.
Botany Deyrolle Posters
Vintage classroom poster showing the anatomy of the potato. Pomme De Terre literally translates as “apple of the earth.”
Potatoes are the fourth most important crop in the world and the most important non cereal crop.
Deyrolle’s anatomy poster of another popular crop, coffee.
Germination refers to the growth of a plant contained within a seed; it results in the formation of the seedling.
Anatomy of a pine tree.
Illustrations of different types of seaweed.
Classroom poster showing the anatomy of the strawberry plant. There are some wonderful strawberry watercolors in the Pomological fruit collection on Pictureboxblue.
There is also a poppy collection on the blog.
A Deyrolle posters showing the botany of perineal herbs.
For more botany posters, check out the botanical posters of Adolphe Millot.