Patterns From L’ornement Polychrome by Albert Racinet

This is a wonderful collection of Polychromatic Ornament prints by Albert Racinet.

They are from his 1877 book “Polychromatic ornament. One hundred plates in gold, silver, and colors, comprising upwards of two thousand specimens of the various styles of ancient, oriental, and medieval art, and including the renaissance and the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries

Polychrome Ornaments

According to Wikipedia, Polychrome is the “practice of decorating architectural elements, sculpture, etc., in a variety of colors.” The term is used to refer to certain styles of architecture, pottery, or sculpture in multiple colors.

Just like Jones’s Grammer of Ornament, Albert Racinet’s book is a collection of colorful plates. They are drawings of ornamental design from several cultural and artistic periods. The illustrations are drawn from a wide variety of sources of design. These include woodwork, metalwork, architecture, textiles, painting, and pottery.

Rather than trying to theorize about the designs, the purpose of Albert Recinet’s book was to teach by practical examples.  In the book, he says, “there is nothing more eloquent than the sight of the masterpieces themselves and no need to provide any analysis“. 

Albert-Racinet-Polychorme-ornament-patterns

Albert Racinet (1825-1893)

Albert Racinet published two major publications in his lifetime. This book the  L’Ornement Polychrome. And another beautifully illustrated book on historical costumes, Le costume Historique.

He was born in France in 1825 and was a costume historian, illustrator, painter. He worked for the publisher Firmin Didot et Cie as an engraver and artistic director from 1869 to 1888.

To download the Polychromatic Prints that you want from the book, click the title about the illustration. A higher resolution image should open in a new window in your browser. If you right-click on that image with your mouse, you will have the option to save it to your device.

1. Primitive Art

Primitive polychromatic ornament examples of woven fabrics, sculptures, and paintings. Derived from very different sources which connect with civilizations that are in some respects analogous.

Primitive Art Albert Racinet
Primitive art key
Primitive Art Plate Key

2. Egyptian Ornament

Albert Racinet says of this plate, the signification of principal objects employed in Egyptian ornament is generally to be found in the language of hieroglyphics.   For example, the pink sphere with the hawk’s wings represents the rising sun.  The water flowers mingled with reeds in the lower part of the plate are types of running water.

Polychrome Ornament Egyptian

3. Egyptian Jewelry

Egyptian jewelry art

4. Greek Polychromatic Ornaments – Albert Racinet

The accompanying plate contains numerous specimens of polychromatic decoration, taken from various periods of Greek Art. Commencing from the date of the monuments in the Parthenon, down to that which may be called the Greco-Roman period.

Greek-polychromatic-ornaments-Racinet

5. Greco – Roman Ornament

The plate is a painted wall from the Casa delle Suonatrici, taken from the great work of Zahn: Les Plus beaux ornaments et les tableaux les plus remarquables de Pompei, d’Herculansum et de Stabiae, 1828-30.  It is considered one of the finest of its kind.  The two single figures have been added and weren’t in the original.

Greco Roman Ornament

6. Chinese and Japanese Silks

The large yellow design is Chinese and the smaller patterns are Japanese. They are all patterns found on silk fabrics.

For more Japanese designs check out the Shin Bijutsukai Art collection.

Albert Racinet Chinese Japanese Silks

7. Chinese and Japanese Art

Albert Racinet wrote, “It is difficult to understand how such powerful effects can be produced by means so simple, and Europeans can hardly do better than make a careful study of that bold use of intense colours which, directed by Asiatic taste, produces such marvellous results.”

Chinese and Japanese Art patterns

8. Chinese Art L’Ornement Polychrome

Albert Racinet examples of free form Chinese art decorations.

There are many more traditional Chinese patterns designs available on the site.

9. Chinese and Japonese Cloisonné Enamel

Cloisonné is an ancient technique for decorating metalwork objects with colored material held in place or separated by metal strips or wire, normally of gold.

Chinese and Japanese

10. Indian Polychromatic Ornaments

Drawings of Indian embroideries, paintings, and Niellos. (Niello is a black mixture used as an inlay on engraved or etched metal, especially silver). 

The floral art remind me of some of the Chintz vintage floral patterns.

Indian Polychrome art

11. Persian Linen

Racinet’s drawings of Persian printed linen of flowers and animals.

Persian Linens

12. Persian Earthenware

Various examples in this plate give an accurate idea of the system of ornamentation generally made use of in Persian earthenware.

Persian Earthenware

13. Moorish Art

All the specimens of mosaics and enamelled terra-cotta come from the Alhambra of Granada and the Alcazar of Seville.

14. Middle Ages

Middle ages decorations on manuscripts.

15. Middle Ages Windows

These window examples are from the 13th and 14th Centuries. Racinet wrote “Painting on glass attained its highest excellence in the thirteenth century. Simplicity and elevation of style were maintained during the fourteenth century, but in the fifteenth, these special characteristics were lost in excess of ornamentation.

windows of the middle ages

16. Celtic Ornaments

Celtic examples of polychromatic ornaments from the seventh, eighth, ninth, tenth and eleventh century.

Celtic ornaments

17. Renaissance L’Ornement Polychrome

Sixteenth century decorative grotesque paintings in the Vatican.

In art, grotesques are ornamental arrangements of arabesques with interlaced garlands and small and fantastic human and animal figures, usually set out in a symmetrical pattern around some form of architectural framework, though this may be very flimsy.

Renaissance Grotesques

18. Renaissance Engraved Ivories

Engraved ivories come within the scope of polychromatic ornamentation on account of their combination of white and black.  Sometimes the black forms the background of the general design, at others it is used as a means of relieving and displaying the design.

Renaissance Ivories L'Ornement Polychrome

19. Renaissance Enamelled Earthenware

The dishes and borders contained in this plate are specimens of the workmanship of Bernard Palissy.

Bernard Palissy (1510 – 1589) was a French Huguenot potter, hydraulics engineer, and craftsman, famous for having struggled for sixteen years to imitate Chinese porcelain.

He is also well known for his contributions to the natural sciences and is famous for discovering principles of geology, hydrology, and fossil formation. Palissy was imprisoned for his belief during the tumultuous French Wars of Religion and sentenced to death. He died of poor treatment in the Bastille in 1589.

Renaissance Earthenware L'Ornement Polychrome

20. Sixteenth Century Cartouches L’Ornement Polychrome

A cartouche is an oval or oblong design with a slightly convex surface, typically edged with ornamental scrollwork.

Sixteenth Century Cartouches L'Ornement Polychrome

21. Seventeenth and Eighteenth Century Earthenware Patterns

For the book, Albert Racinet drew a number of decorative patterns selected from specimens of French earthenware from the Cluny Museum.

Albert Racinet earthenware patterns

22. Albert Racinet Seventeenth Century Carpet.

A Louis IV style carpet pattern.

Albert Racinet Seventeenth Century Carpet.

23. Eighteenth Century Cartouches

Another collection of cartouches from L’Ornement Polychrome.

Eighteenth century cartouches from L'Ornement Polychrome

24. Eighteenth Century Patterns for Silks

Pattern designs for silk wall hangings and furnishings.

For more vintage wallpaper designs, check out the William Morris patterns on Pictureboxblue.

Eighteenth century patterns for silks

25. Patterns for Porcelain from Albert Racinet’s L’Ornement Polychrome

Patterns for Porcelain from Albert Racinet's L'Ornement Polychrome

Don’t forget to check out the other printable patterns, art and design collections on Pictureboxblue.com such as those of Christopher Dresser. Also these prints on color and pattern designs and these Art Nouveau animal designs.

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