Recently, I came across several old art and design books, many of which have wonderful plates of vintage color and pattern charts. The collection complements the vintage color wheels and vintage art supply posters featured on the site.
Most of the books were texts for art students explaining the details of color theory. Many of the color and pattern illustrations in the books, were used to illustrate different aspects of the theory.
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“Suggestions for the study of color”
The following color and pattern charts come from the book “Suggestions for the study of colour” by Carpenter, H. Barrett (1923). Henry Barret was the headmaster of the Rochdale School of Art in the UK at the time.
Henry writes in the preface of this book “A master of Colour, like a master of words, is born, not made, yet who would argue that a child should not be taught to speak? Even so, it seems absurd not to teach a student the ABC of Colour, if we can but find what we should teach.”
“Simple harmony is the effect produced by using any colour together with its next neighbour, or neighbours, in their natural order.”
This color pattern chart depicts the following all in their natural order of tone, as an illustration of Harmony:
- Three colours—yellow, orange and red
- Three colours—yellow-green, green and blue-green
- Three colours—rose, purple and violet.
- An example to illustrate “ Extended Harmony/’ Two separate schemes are included in this pattern. The stronger scheme consists of yellow-green, green, and greenish-blue; the paler scheme consists of yellow, orange, rose, and green-blue.
In the book Carpenter suggests that their three pairs of true contrasts and they look best when one of the two colors greatly exceeds the other in quantity.
- Orange-yellow and blue.
- Red and green-blue.
- Yellow-green and violet.
“The natural order of colours seems often to be reversed, but only when the colours appear in small quantities. It is this reversal of the natural order to which the name “ discord ” is here given”.
“Effects produced by using keynotes of bright colour with comparatively dull surroundings. The areas occupied by bright green and bright rose are small compared with the whole field on which they stand, but the effect produced is of a bright green, and of a bright pink, pattern.”
“A neutral grey surrounded by rose appears quite different from the same grey surrounded by dark green.
A corresponding change takes place in the purple in accordance with its surroundings, blue making it look more red (with an inclination to orange), and orange making it look more blue.“
“The Color Printer”
The following color and pattern charts are from “The color printer. A treatise on the use of colors in typographic printing” (1892) by Earhart, John F.
On this color chart, there are 12 number colors. “One of the main objects in making this selection of colors was to have them as far removed from one another as possible so that we could get a greater variety of mixed colors“.
The first three colors are the primaries — red, yellow, and blue. Then follows the three secondaries — orange, green, and purple. Then follows deep blue, rose lake, lemon yellow, vermilion, gray, and black.
“Purple was selected instead of violet, as one of the secondary colors, because it lies about halfway between the red and blue, while the violet is a little too near the blue.”
“This plate represents the colors of the solar spectrum, arranged in a circle so as to bring colors which are complementary directly opposite to each other. In combining colors there is a wide difference of opinion as to what is correct and what is not. Of course, when harmony is produced, that is certainly correct. But the question with printers the world over is: what rule can be safely followed to obtain harmonious results in the combination of colors.”
The Harmony Rules in the book to accompany the chart.
- The Harmony of Scale — by Contrast of Tone.
- The Harmony of Scale — by Gradation of Tone.
- The Harmony of Relative Colors — by Contrast of Tone.
- The Harmony of Relative Colors — by Gradation.
- The Harmony of a Dominant Color.
Second Series — Harmonies of Unrelated or Contrary Colors, which includes :
- The Harmony of Distant Colors — Equal in Tone.
- The Harmony of Distant Colors — by Contrast of Tone.
- The Harmony of Colors with black.
The Harmony of Distant Colors — Equal in Tone, is produced by the combination of two colors which are complementary, or nearly so — each being about equal in depth of tone.
“Blue makes the most effective combination with any one of the colors lying between red and yellow.
Its best combination is orange. Orange will harmonize with any one of the colors lying between green and violet, in their normal state, or when reduced with white, or when slightly modified with gray. Orange makes the best
combination with any one of the colors lying between sea-green and blue-violet. For example see Fig. 255, Plate 34.“
A print sample of gold tints illustrated with this beautiful butterfly. You can find more butterfly illustrations here.
“Plate 85, which shows a combination of deep violet-blue and light yellow-green, the former being a hue of blue, and the latter a hue of green. Fig. 388 shows a violet-blue and yellow-green about equal in tone, making a poor combination because the contrast of tone is very weak.“
“Popular Theory of Colors”
The following color and pattern charts are from the German textbook “Popular theory of colors for use in middle schools, high schools, seminars, advanced training, and trade schools as well as for self-teaching for artists and laypeople” (1882) by Häuselmann, J.
There are two color charts used to help explain color theory in the text. Followed by 5 color and pattern plates used as examples to illustrate aspects of the theory.
The following color chart is from the book “A new practical treatise on the three primitive colours, assumed as a perfect system of rudimental information … With some practical rules for reflections; and Sir Isaac Newton’s distribution of the colours in the rainbow” (1826) by Hayter, Charles.
Larousse Pour Tous
The following three color charts are from the world-famous French Illustrated Encyclopedias by Larousse. You can see many of the Natural History posters from Larousse here.
If you enjoyed these colour and pattern prints, you should check out many of the art and design image collections on Picture Box Blue. These include many collections of wonderful colourful patterns such as those of Owen Jones’s Grammer of Ornament and the Polychrome ornaments of Albert Racinet. Also, the art and decoration design prints of Christopher Dresser.
Also of intrest to those who like vintage graphics is the amazing American Type Founders Catalogue.
There are many wonderful vintage Japanese patterns and designs here.