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24 Eye-Catching Natural Lichen Dye Colour Drawings – You Will Want To See

Inside: A collection of beautiful original natural lichen dye colour drawings from a vintage natural history book. Free to print and in the Public Domain.

When everyday life gets a bit too much for me, I take a few minutes to try and escape to my fantasy happy place, a Norwegian cabin (hytte) located in one of the stunning fjords.

Here I live a simple life crafting, growing and preserving my own fruit and veg. So when I came across these extraordinary Scandinavian Lichen drawings and accompanying dye colour charts, I added naturally dyeing fabrics to my list of wannabe cabin life activities.

What is Lichen?

A lichen is not a single organism but a combination of two, fungi and algae or cyanobacteria.  They co-exist in a symbiotic relationship, the fungus provides protection and the algae provide chlorophyll so that the lichen can photosynthesize to obtain nutrients for growth.

Lichens are beautiful organisms that surround us everywhere we go. They come in many colours, sizes and shapes. Some may appear plant-like, but they aren’t plants. Others look like powders or thick paint clinging to various surfaces.

More Fun & Interesting Facts About Lichen

  1. There are over 17,000 species of lichen.
  2. Lichen can grow on stable surfaces, from rocks, trees, leaves and even artificial structures.
  3. They survive at any altitude and survive extreme environments from deserts, rainforests and even the arctic tundra.
  4. Lichens can even survive in space. A European Space Agency mission exposed lichen to the space environment for 15 days with no effect on the health of the organism.
  5. Lichen covers about 7% of the surface of the world.
  6. Lichens are considered one of the oldest living organisms and can be used to date rocks, known as Lichenometry.
  7. The world’s oldest living organism, dated at 8,600 years, is an Arctic species of Lichen called “map lichen”.
  8. Lichens are pioneer species and are the first living things to grow on freshly exposed rock after landslides.
  9. The manufacture of the pH indicator litmus involves a lichen dye.
  10. Many traditional textiles such as Harris Tweed get their colour from Lichens.
  11. Scientists since 1859 have used the health of lichens as an environmental indicator. They absorb everything around them from air, water and pollutants.
  12. Lichen changes colour depending on whether it’s wet or dry. Drawings for identification purposes are the colour of the organism when dry.
  13. Lichen is an important food source for some species, such as caribou and reindeer, where it makes up two-thirds of their diet.
  14. For thousands of years, some species have been important dyes for cotton, silk and wool. Colour pigments extracted from the organism include vibrant yellows, deep reds, purples and earthy hues.

The Lichen Drawings and Colour Dye Charts

The following beautiful prints include lichen drawings and a colour chart of the pigments obtained from that particular species.

All the prints are from “The Color History of Swedish Lichens, or, The Way of Using Them for Dyeing and Other Household Purposes.” By Westring, Johan Peter, 1805.

Click on the title above the lichen drawing you want to download. A higher resolution lichen illustration will open in another window in your browser. Click on that image to save or print it.

Plate 1: Pulveraria chlorina

Lichen darwings Pulveraria chlorina

Plate 2: Parmelia saxatilis

More commonly known as the salted shield lichen.   It mainly grows on rock but is found on bark or wood.  The lichen is called “crotal” in Scotland and is used to make dyes with deep red-brown and rusty-orange colours for traditional cloths such as Harris tweed.

Parmelia saxatilis-Lichen-Drawing

Plate 3: Lichen lacteus

lichen lacteus

Plate 4: lichen Pseudo-corallinus

From looking at the colour chart this lichen species is very good for obtaining orangy pigments.

lichen Pseudo-corallinus

Plate 5: Lichen-candelarius

A very detailed drawing of Lichen Candelaria shows the eight pigments that can be extracted from pale yellow to black.

Wresting describes this as a common lichen that grows everywhere, especially in old hedgerows, where it’s collected in large quantities. It also grows on old wooden house walls, on the bark of trees, and also sometimes on large loose stones.

lichen-candelarius

Plate 6: Lichen ventosus

It grows on mountainsides and large loose stones in large patches, often from one to two cubits in diameter. Its crust is thick, often 1 inch, and is loose; has a bumpy and wrinkled surface of a greenish-yellow colour, striped in small squares; with lots of reddish-brown seed-saving bowls, which are usually flat.

Plate 6 Westring Swedish Lichen Drawings

Plate 7: Parmelia omphalodes

The lichen is widely distributed, having been recorded in Asia, Africa, Europe, and North and South America.

Parmelia omphalodes

Plate 8: Usnea plicata

This is a species of beard lichen.

Plate 8: Usnea plicata

Plate 9: Lichen croceus

The lichen in this drawing is also known as Saffron coloured lichen.

Licehn Crocreus

Plate 10 Lichen Corallinus

Plate 10- lichen corallinus

Plate 11: Evernia prunastri

More commonly known as oakmoss, it’s common throughout the Northern hemisphere and grows on oak trees, hence its name. It also grows on some species of conifer trees. The lichen has a distinct odour and is harvested for the perfume industry, but it can irritate the skin.

Oakmoss drawing

Plate 12: Lichen frascineus

Plate 12- lichen frascineus

Plate 13: Lichen pustulatus

Plate 13- lichen pustulatus

Plate 14: Lichen jubatus

Plate 14- Lichen jubatus

Plate 15: Lichen Ater

Plate 15- lichen ater

Plate 16: Lichen Islandicus

Commonly known as Iceland moss as it grows abundantly on the lava slopes in Iceland and the mountainous regions of other northern countries. It is edible and sometimes used as a food thickener. Iceland moss is an alternative medicine for chest problems.

Iceland Moss
5

Plate 17: Cladonia pyxidata

Also known as pebbled cup lichen.

Pebbled cup lichen

Plate 18: Lichen cinereus

Plate 18- Lichen cinereus

Plate 19: Parmelia encausta

Plate 19- Parmelia encausta

Plate 20: Lung Moss

Lung lichen usually grows on the bark of broad-leaved trees such as oak, beech and maple. But will also grow on rocks and has been grown in the laboratory on artificial surfaces. It has been used in herbal medicine.

Lung Moss has also been used to produce an orange dye for wool, in the tanning of leather, in the manufacture of perfumes and as an ingredient in brewing.

Plate 20- Lung Moss

Plate 21: Lichen Haematomma

Commonly known as blood stain lichen.

Plate 21- Bloodstain Lichen

Plate 22: Lichen Deutus

Commonly known as peppered rock tripe,  it grows on exposed boulders and rocky outcrops.

Plate 22- Peppered-rock-tripe

Plate 23: Lichen Scopulorum

Plate 23: Lichen Scopulorum

Plate 24: Parmelia conspersa

This lichen is commonly known as the peppered rock-shield.

Peppered rock sheild lichen drawing

Since discovering these prints, I’ve been scouring the world around me for lichen. It’s everywhere once you start looking for it. I can’t wait to try out some natural dyeing using plants and lichen.

Don’t forget to check out many more of my natural history posts. If you like paint swatches and pattern templates, there are plenty of these in the Art & Design section of the blog, such as the vintage colour wheel charts and the nature form patterns of Haeckel.

Gwen McMartin

Friday 2nd of September 2022

Fantastic images!! Thank you so much!

claire

Monday 5th of September 2022

Thank you, you're welcome 😊

Junie

Friday 26th of August 2022

Absolutely stunning plates. I remember being blown away by the varying colours of the lichens on the rocks when I was in the Antarctic Peninsular. Even more amazed at their age - so would never step on them. Thanks for sharing! (p.s. Love the extra research you add to your posts.)

claire

Friday 26th of August 2022

Wow, that must have been an amazing trip. I've never managed to travel that far south. Thank you.

Anne

Thursday 25th of August 2022

Thank you! I really enjoyed this information. My house in the woods is light green because I was inspired by the lichen on the trees around the house. I make a medicinal tincture out of Old Man's Beard lichen. 50 years ago I lived in Alaska, and remember the beautiful tundra with it's deep interesting mix of mosses and lichen, and still enjoy the beautiful lichen on rocks along hiking trails. My interest was raised as I read the information about purple dye as I recalled the information about Lydia- who sold purple cloth in Acts 16:14. Thank you for sharing the information and beautiful art.

claire

Friday 26th of August 2022

Your house in the woods sounds lovely and living in Alaska must of been an amazing experience. I make a tincture out of elderberries but never thought of making one out of lichen.

Eloise

Thursday 25th of August 2022

WOW! I do the same thing when I need a break!😃 Of course, my dream place is just a little weathered cottage by the sea,but I too dream of doing much of the same. Thank you for sharing all of this wonderful information and stunning art work! I want to head out and find lichen!!😁 I can't wait to print one of these and frame it for my kitchen.

claire

Friday 26th of August 2022

Thank you. I do miss living by the sea, I live in the middle of England about 2 hours from the nearest coast, but would love to return to the coast one day. And since writing this post I keep a lookout for Lichen too!